T: -Good morning, dear children and guests!
P: -Good morning, dear teacher! Good morning, dear guests!
II Warming-up activity:
T: -Today the theme of our lesson is «London». As you know London is the capital of England and we shall see a lot of places of interest of this town in our lesson. We shall speak about Big Ben, Westminster Abbey famous parks and squares, visit different countries and travel to the picturesque banks of the river Thames. By the end of this lesson you’ll be able to tell about these places of interest and make up dialogues for your home-task. So at first let us remind some facts and watch video slides connecting with the capital of Great Britain.
P: -There was Big Ben, the House of Parliament, the London Eye, Westminster Abbey, St. Paul’s Cathedral, Nelson Column, Tower Bridge. I saw London traffic, Piccadilly Circus, London guard, Westminster Abbey.
III Introducing the subject:
— 1 new vocabulary:
T: -So, children, as you know, London is a big city and you can see many cars, buses, heavy traffic there. There is the underground in London too. But do you know the meaning of the words? For example such words as: cart, open top bus, traffic, the underground.
Cart-it is a bus with a horse.
Open top bus-it is a bus without a roof.
Traffic-it means that there are many cars, buses, trolley-buses on the roads.
Underground-it is a train which moves under the ground.
I hope when you meet these words in the text you will know their meaning.
-2 speaking about London:
T: -Ok, pupils. You have reminded some places of interest of London and now let’s revise some facts about London. Answer my questions:
1 What is the capital of England?
P: -The capital of England is London.
2 What is the population of London?
P: -The population of London is about 8 million people.
- What river does London stand on?
P: -London stands on the river Thames.
- What places of interest of London do you know?
P: -I know a lot of places of interest. But the most famous ones are: Big Ben, Westminster Abbey, the Tower Bridge, the Houses of Parliament, St. Paul’s Cathedral, Regent’s Park, Trafalgar Square, the National Gallery, Buckingham Palace and others.
5Where is the home of the queen of Britain?
P: -Buckingham Palace is the home place of the queen of Britain.
6What is Big Ben?
P: -Big Ben is a famous clock.
7What is Westminster Abbey?
P: -It’s a church where the kings and the queens of England are burried.
8 What can you see from the Tower Bridge?
P: -From the Tower Bridge we can see the Tower of London.
9Where is a famous zoo?
P: -It’s in Regent’s Park.
- Do you like London?
P: -Yes, I do. I like London.
T: -Very well, children. Maybe these questions were too easy for you, so I shall give you a London-quiz and you must choose the correct answer. One of you we’ll read the task and the second one will give a correct answer. So, let’s start.
1 From Tower Bridge you can see…
- Paul’s Cathedral.
- The London Zoo.
- The Tower of London.
2 The Queen lives in…
- The Tower of London.
- Buckingham Palace.
- Westminster Abbey.
3 Westminster Abbey is a famous…
- Royal church.
4 In Regent’s Park there is the biggest … in the world.
5 The Tower of London is a … now.
6 There is … … in the centre of London.
- Piccadilly Circus.
- Trafalgar Square.
- Regent’s Park.
7 There are … streets in London.
- One million.
- Ten thousand.
8 They change the Guard at …
- The National Gallery.
- Buckingham Palace.
- Big Ben.
— 4reading and speaking from the book: Role – play.
-So, nice. You spoke rather well. And now let’s check your home-task. At home you’ve listened to the text and now we’ll check your reading and comprehension. After reading you’ll have to put questions on the text to your classmate one by one. (text)
My parents and I are from London and my grandparents are from London, too. We’re all Londoners.
Here are two photos of Piccadilly Circus. The black and white photo was my great-grandfather’s photo. It shows Piccadilly Circus in 1905. There weren’t colour photos in those days.
In 1905 there were a lot of buildings and you can see them in the colour photo, too. But there wasn’t much traffic because there weren’t many cars. In 1905 there were horses and carts and open top buses. I’m sure the people in them were cold.
Can you see the lady with the white hat in the old photo? She was my great-grandmother. She was a cook. My great-grandfather was a baker and his shop was near Piccadilly Circus, but it isn’t there today. Now my favourite computer shop is there.
-Bohdan, imagine you are Mark and you wrote this text. Pupils, your task is to put questions on the text to Mark.
P: -Where are your parents from?
-My parents are from London.
P: -What is on the black and white photo?
-It is Piccadilly Circus in 1905.
P: -What can you see on that photo?
-I can see a lot of buildings.
P: -What is Piccadilly Circus?
-It is a meeting of six streets.
P: -What is on the color photo?
-It is Piccadilly Circus nowadays.
P: -Are there much traffic now?
-Yes, there are. There are many cars, buses, lorries.
P: -Were there much traffic in 1905?
-No, there wasn’t. There were horses, open top buses, and carts.
P: -What was your great-grandmother?
-She was a cook.
P: -What was your great-grandfather?
-He was a baker and his shop was near Piccadilly Circus.
P: -What is there now?
-It is a computer shop there now.
T: -OK, and now do ex3 p80. Tick V true. Cross X false.
- Mark’s grandparents are Londoners.
- London has got a lot of old buildings.
- There was a lot of traffic in 1905.
- Mark’s great-grandfather was in the 1905 photo.
- Mark’s great-grandparents were from London.
- Mark’s grandfather was a baker.
T: -While reading to the text maybe you noticed some differences in using some words concerning past and present events. For example, look here at the blackboard. There are two sentences. 1 There was little traffic in Piccadilly Circus in those days. 2 There is much traffic now. Can you see the difference? What is it?
P: -We have was in the first sentence and we have is in the second sentence. Was changed into is.
T: -Yes, you are right. These are grammar rules. While speaking we do a lot of mistakes, mistakes in pronunciation or grammar. So we must know grammar perfectly to avoid these mistakes and speak correctly. Today at our lesson we are going to repeat the usage of the verb «to be» in Past Simple in structures there was and there were. Tell me, please, who knows when do we put «was» and «were»?
P: -I, he, she, it- we put «was» –and- you, we, they- we put «were»
T: -What about negative forms?
P: -We add not to was and were.
T: -Well, children! I shall give you two pictures and your task is to say what there was in the first picture at 3 o’clock and what there was not at 5 o’clock.
For example: At 3 o’clock yesterday there was a bus but at 5 o’clock there wasn’t a bus.
Now your own examples, please.
T: — We repeated grammar rules and now let’s listen to the text. While listening to the text you have to fill in the gaps with «was»/»were». This is ex 5 p81 in your books. So, listen to the tape-recorder and do the exercise.
Mark: What are you doing for your History project?
Jenny: I’m writing my history. Look at this photo of me in primary school. It was my first class.
Mark: Oh yes, you were in a different school to me.
Jenny: Yes, I was in Scotland for the first two years of primary school.
Mark: Who were your best friends?
Jenny: Sue and Stella. They’re twins. Sue is next to me in the photo and Stella’s between Julie and Peter.
Mark: Who were clever pupils?
Jenny: Anna and George. Anna’s behind me in the photo and George is in front.
Mark: Were you a clever pupil?
Jenny: No, I wasn’t.
Mark: Were there any naughty pupils?
Jenny: No, there weren’t. We were all good.
-Are you ready? Let’s check up it. Read it in pairs.
T: While travelling around the town you may be tired. So the best way out is to travel by bus and just look at the window. So let’s have a break.
»The wheels on the bus»
The wheels on the bus go round, round, round,
Round, round, round
The wheels on the bus go round, round, round,
All day long.
The children on the bus go wriggle, wriggle, wriggle…
The mummies on the bus go «Don’t do that»…
The daddies on the bus go read, read, read…
The babies on the bus go «Wah, wah, wah»…
T: -let’s start work again. Now I shall switch on the TV and you’ll watch the film. There are some facts about London and your task is to understand: — What is Mark interested in and why does he like to paint London?
P: — Mark is interested in painting.
P: -He likes to paint London because London is a very nice city and it’s always different.
Pupils do the tasks on printed copies of the film
T: -So, pupils, as you see, we know much about London and its sightseeing. Your home task was to make projects connecting with the theme of our lesson. Do you want to present them? Who will be the first?
P: -Big Ben.
Big Ben is one of London’s best-known landmarks and looks most spectacular at night when the clock faces are illuminated. The name Big Ben actually refers not to the clock tower itself, but to the thirteen ton bell hung within. The bell was named after the first commissioner of works, Sir Benjamin Hall. Big Ben is the name of the 14 ton bell that chimes. It’s the largest four-faces chiming clock and the third-tallest free-standing clock tower in the world.
P: -Trafalgar Square.
Trafalgar Square is the largest square in London and has been a central meeting place since the middle ages. In the centre of the square is the tall Nelson’s Column which was built to commemorate the victory of Admiral Nelson over French. Trafalgar Square has many statues and two fontains. The square is surrounded by many great buildings.
P: -London Eye.
The London Eye is very popular tourist attraction. The 135 meter tall structure was built as part of London’s millennium celebrations. The structure was designed by the architects David Marks and Julia Barfield. Eye-capsules contain 25 passengers. Each egg-shaped capsule is 8 meters long and weighs 500 kg.
P: Buckingham Palace.
Buckingham Palace is one of several palaces owned by the British Royal family. The original building was constructed as a country house in 1705 by the duke of Buckingham. It is a London home of the Queen. When the flag is flying on the top she is at home. The Guard changes every day at 11.30 a.m. It is one of the tourists greatest attraction.
P: Tower of London.
The Tower of London was built at the beginning of the 11th century near the river Thames and consists of almost 20 towers in total. The Tower of London is a big castle with a lot of buildings inside it. It was a fortress, a royal palace and later a prison. It is a museum now.
London is a capital of Britain. About eight million people live there. London stands on the river Thames. There are lots of places of interest in London. From Tower Bridge you can see the Tower of London. It is a museum now. Big Ben is a famous clock in London. You can see many churches in the city. Westminster Abbey is one of the oldest royal churches. London’s parks and squares are really beautiful. There are about 10 thousands streets in London with a lot of shops and cafes, cinemas and theatres, galleries and museums. Big red buses run up and down the streets. The oldest metro in the world, called Tube, is in London, too. London is a very nice city.
XI Summing-up like a game (if time)
Let’s give some characteristic of London but do it in a form of a game. You have to add a word one after another beginning with the same words. ( London is nice, large, famous, beautiful, green…).
Very nice children. You’ve worked very hard today and everything was all right. You showed good knowledge of English and your marks for today’s lesson are:…
XII Home task.
Now look at the blackboard. Your home task for the next lesson is to make up dialogues about London. Stand up. The lesson is over. Thank you very much. Good bye, dear children.